Kodiak Daily Mirror - Daily newspaper of Kodiak, Alaska
  
Alutiiq Word of the Week
 
Alutiiq Word of the Week: Nov. 2
Kaataq: Stick Guessing Game_ Cuumi kaatartaallriit.: They used to play the stick game before. Competitions were a common activity at social gatherings in classical Alutiiq society. Both men and women enjoyed participating in everything from swimming, boating, and running races to tests of strength and a variety of team sports. Competitions were a way to demonstrate one’s stamina and dexterity, and they allowed riv...
Nov 02, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 2 2 recommendations | email to a friend
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Alutiiq Word of the Week: Oct. 26
Devil: iiyaq The Devil is very bad. Iiyaq asillpiarluni asiituq. The Alutiiq word iiyaq can be translated as devil. In classical Alutiiq society, iiyaq referred to the soul of an evil person. Instead of ascending to the sky world after death, like the souls of kind people, the souls of the evil stay in the human world. Here they become malevolent spirits. They live in caves or the woods, and are said to have long ...
Oct 26, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 2 2 recommendations | email to a friend
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Alutiiq Word of the Week: Oct. 19
Angyaartalek : Aiaktalik (the island)_ Angyaartalek sugyartaallia cuumi. : There used to be a lot of people at Aiaktalik Island. Aiaktalik Island, one of the Trinity Islands, lies at the southern end of the Kodiak Archipelago at the tip of the Aliulik Peninsula. Surrounded by the rough waters of Sitkinak Strait, this small, triangular land mass covers just seven square miles. The island is low and rolling, with gr...
Oct 19, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 3 3 recommendations | email to a friend
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Alutiiq Word of the Week: Oct. 12
SaRayaq : Shed_ Tuntuq saRayami inimauq. : The reindeer is hanging in the shed. Outbuildings have been a part of Alutiiq communities for thousands of years. In studies of ancient Alutiiq settlements, archaeologists find smokehouses, storage sheds, and a variety of small structures that illustrate how people used the space outside their homes. Historic sources tell us that Alutiiq families also built small dwelling...
Oct 12, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 4 4 recommendations | email to a friend
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StRausiq (N), StRuusiq (S): Yeast.
StRausiq (N), StRuusiq (S): Yeast. StRausircunituq. : It smells like yeast.  Yeast is a single-celled microorganism, a type of fungus widely present in nature. There are thousands of varieties of yeast in air, soil, and water, and on plants and animals. Archaeologists believe that people began incorporating yeast into bread at least 5,000 years ago. In baking, yeast works by generating carbon dioxide as it breaks ...
Oct 05, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 1 1 recommendations | email to a friend
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Kaasnaq : Government
Kaasnaq : Government / Government Person
Kasnam sua taikutartuq. : A government person is coming. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Kodiak’s rural villages maintained local governments led by a community chief. The chief was chosen from the adult male residents of each village by a traditional council that included a second chief, a church warden, a lay reader, and community Elders. Although the position ...
Sep 28, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 1 1 recommendations | email to a friend
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Alutiiq Word of the Week: Sept. 21
Pamana’rmiuq; Eskimuq; Pamanirmiu’aq :  Yup’ik Eskimos
Eskimut paagani et’aartut. : The Eskimos live way up there. Although the term Eskimo appears to have passed into English from the French word Eskimeaux, linguists believe that the word’s ultimate origin is in Montagnais, an Algonquian language spoken in the eastern Canadian provinces of Quebec and Labrador. The Montagnais used a similar-sounding word, meaning ...
Sep 21, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 2 2 recommendations | email to a friend
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Alutiiq Word of the Week: Qetgauwartaasqaq : Frog
Qetgauwartaasqaq : Frog, Toad
Qetgauwartaasqat allrani cungartaartut. : Frogs are sometimes green. The Alutiiq words for toad and frog are the same — qetgauwartaasqaq. This word literally means “thing always jumping.” Amphibians are rare in Alaska. The state’s naturally occurring herpetofauna includes just 6 species: two types of salamanders, one newt, two frogs, and one toad. Of these animals, only the wood frog ...
Sep 14, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 2 2 recommendations | email to a friend
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Alutiiq Word of the Week — Milk
Muluk’uuk (n); MuRuk’uuk (S) : Milk KuRuwamek muluk’uungtaartutkut. : We get milk from a cow.   Milk is a relatively recent addition to the Alutiiq diet, a fact illustrated by the Russian derivation of the Alutiiq words for milk. Although midwives brewed a tea from pineapple weed to stimulate the production of a new mother’s milk, and mothers nursed their babies for several years, cow’s milk was not widely used in...
Sep 07, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 1 1 recommendations | email to a friend
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Taryuq (S); sauliq (N) : Salt
Taryuq (S); sauliq (N) : Salt Taryurtuu’uq una iqalluk : This fish is salty. Salt is an effective preservative because it can dehydrate plant and animal tissues and limit the growth of bacteria. This mineral was a valuable commodity during Kodiak’s historic era because it was used to process both animal pelts and fish. Early traders imported most of their salt. Although salt can be boiled out of seawater, the extr...
Aug 24, 2012 | 0 0 comments | 2 2 recommendations | email to a friend
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